Thomas Martin is one of St John’s First Fleeters. Martin was a convict transported per Charlotte (1788). He was buried at St. John’s Cemetery, Parramatta 27 September 1822, in what is now an unmarked grave at the cemetery; its exact location, therefore, is unknown.
- Born: c.1764
- Stole seventeen towels, a petticoat, and an apron: 8 November 1783
- Tried and convicted for the theft: Old Bailey, London, 10 December 1783
- Sentenced to seven years transportation: Old Bailey, London, 10 December 1783
- Transferred from Newgate Prison to Mercury (1784): 30 March 1784
- Set sail for America per Mercury: 2 April 1784
- Recaptured on shore after Mercury convict mutiny: Devon, 1784
- Received death sentence: Special Commission, Exeter, 24 May 1784
- Given a reprieve, sentence commuted to seven years transportation: 9 June 1784
- Sent to Dunkirk hulk: > 9 June 1784
- Embarked on Charlotte: 11 March 1787
- Sailed with the First Fleet per Charlotte: 13 May 1787
- Arrived at Botany Bay per Charlotte: 20 January 1788
- Arrived at Port Jackson per Charlotte: 26 January 1788
- Ordered 200 lashes for theft of trousers from John Ferguson and for attempted bribery of Ferguson: 6 September 1788
- Settled on 30-acres at Prospect: July 1791
- Superintendent David Burton reported Martin “a person entirely ignorant respecting agriculture”: February 1792
- Married Mary Ann Hugo per Pitt (1792): 24 June 1792
- Daughter Elizabeth Martin born: c. 1797
- Sold grant to D. D. Franklyn: < 1800
- Received another 50 acre grant at Toongabbie: 1 January 1798
- A son and another daughter born: sometime between 1797–1806
- Died: c. 26 September 1822, Parramatta
- Buried: St. John’s Cemetery, Parramatta, 26 September 1822
- Unmarked grave, location unknown, St. John’s Cemetery, Parramatta
- Convict, Newgate Prison, (c.8 November 1783–30 March 1784)
- Convict, Mercury, (30 March 1784–April 1784)
- Convict, Dunkirk, (>9 June 1784–11 March 1787)
- Convict, Charlotte, (11 March 1787–26 January 1788)
- The Digital Panopticon, Thomas Martin Life Archive, (ID: obpt17831210-45-defend529), https://www.digitalpanopticon.org/life?id=obpt17831210-45-defend529, accessed 9 March 2018.
- Mollie Gillen, The Founders of Australia: A Biographical Dictionary of the First Fleet, (Sydney: Library of Australian History, 1989), p.240.
- Old Bailey Proceedings Online (www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 7.2), 10 December 1783, trial of THOMAS MARTIN (t17831210-45), accessed 4 March 2018.
- Parish Burial Records, Textual Records, St. John’s Anglican Church Parramatta, New South Wales, Australia.
- John White, Journal of a Voyage to New South Wales : with sixty-five plates of nondescript animals, birds, lizards, serpents, curious cones of trees and other natural productions, (London: Printed for J. Debrett, 1790) via Internet Archive, https://archive.org/details/journalofvoyaget1790whit accessed 8 March 2018.
- Ron Withington, Dispatched Downunder: Tracing the Resting Places of the First Fleeters, (Woolloomooloo, The Fellowship of First Fleeters, 2013), p.441.
# Ship: Mercury (1784)
# Grave: unmarked