Nicholas Bayly (1769–1823)

Lieutenant NICHOLAS BAYLY, described as being ‘among the most notable Parramattans,’ was the member of ‘a distinguished aristocratic English family, well represented in the English army, and also well and truly represented among the pioneer families of [New South Wales].’ He came to the colony as a member of the New South Wales Corps per Barwell (1797) and participated in the Rum Rebellion. BAYLY committed suicide at the age of 53 after being ‘for some time past in a declining state of health.’ On the day of his death and the day before, he had ‘manifested symptoms of delusion in the mind.’ At the time, he had been cashier of the Bank of New South Wales. A ‘long train of Civil and Military Officers, and other Gentlemen, followed’ a hearse containing his remains from the Bank as far as the toll-gate, and ‘Several Gentlemen…proceeded all the way to Parramatta.’ BAYLY is buried at St. John’s Cemetery, Parramatta in the same vault as his wife, who passed away three years earlier. With his death, the couple’s large family of nine children became orphans.


  • Born: 3 September 1769
  • Arrived in the colony of New South Wales as an ensign in the New South Wales Corps:
  • Appointed to the committee to repair roads: 1805
  • Appointed naval officer (collector of customs and port dues): 1809
  • Appointed member of a deputation to present an address to GOVERNOR MACQUARIE: 1810
  • Appointed member of the Court of Civil Jurisdiction: 1812
  • Appointed cashier, Bank of New South Wales
  • Died: 16 May 1823.
  • Buried: 19 May 1823, “Shot himself.” Burial registered by JOSEPH KENYON.

Burial Location

  • BAYLY family vault, Section 3, Row C, No. 17, St. John’s Cemetery, Parramatta

Cause of Death

  • Suicide. “Shot himself.” (c.f. St. John’s burial register)


Primary Sources

Secondary Sources


# Came free

# Welsh

# Ship: Barwell (1797)

# New South Wales Corps

# Event: Rum Rebellion

# Cause of Death: Suicide

# Burial Year: 1823

# Grave: marked