Mary Partridge (c.1763–1837)

Mary Partridge (née Greenwood) is one of St John’s First Fleeters. She was tried at the Old Bailey on 11 May 1785 along with a man named George Partridge for highway robbery. Both were found guilty and sentenced to death but received a reprieve the following year on condition of an alternate punishment of seven years transportation. She sailed with the First Fleet per Lady Penrhyn (1788). Mary began a relationship with RICHARD PARTRIDGE (I), “The Left-Handed Flogger,” and had a number of children together; however the couple did not marry until 1810. Mary died in 1837, aged 74. Her husband, Richard, predeceased her by six years. The Partridges are buried in unmarked graves at the cemetery, so their location is unknown.

Burial Location

  • Unmarked grave, location unknown, St. John’s Cemetery, Parramatta


  • Maiden name: Mary Greenwood
  • Alias: Mary Rice (*possibly adopted her husband’s alias, too)
  • Married name: Mary Partridge




  • Servant


  • Convict Newgate Prison (> 11 May 1785–6 January 1787)
  • Convict Lady Penrhyn (6 January 1787–26 January 1788)

Related Content

Richard Partridge: The Left-Handed Flogger (2016)

By Michaela Ann Cameron

Abstract: This purloiner of ladies’ laundry became a mutineer on the Swift in 1783 before being transported to Botany Bay with the First Fleet on the Scarborough. In the new colony he soon became known as the infamous “Left-Handed Flogger” – one half of the monstrous, misery-inducing, two-headed, eighteen-tailed “cat.” more>>

Daniel Mow-watty: The Boy Who Strayed from the Bush Path (2016)

By Michaela Ann Cameron

Abstract: A short biographical piece on Daniel Mow-watty; an aboriginal boy adopted by Richard and Mary Partridge when he was a child. When he grew older, Mow-watty’s bilingualism as well as his knowledge of indigenous plants led to him acting as a guide to botanist George Caley. As Caley’s guide, he travelled to Norfolk Island, Tasmania, Nattai (Appin) and became the third Aboriginal person to travel to England. However, Daniel Mow-watty’s exposure to European lifeways left him feeling increasingly torn between two cultural identities that were not fully integrated: “Daniel” and “Mow-watty.” For Daniel Mow-watty, the outcome was ultimately tragic. more>>


  • The Digital Panopticon, Mary Greenwood Life Archive, (ID: obpt17850511-3-defend77),, accessed 9 March 2018.
  • Mollie Gillen, The Founders of Australia: a biographical dictionary of the First Fleet, (Sydney: Library of Australian History, 1989)
  • Old Bailey Proceedings Online (, version 7.2), 11 May 1785, trial of GEORGE PARTRIDGE MARY GREENWOOD (t17850511-3), accessed 29 March 2016
  • Old Bailey Proceedings Online (, version 8.0), 11 May 1785, punishment summary of MARY GREENWOOD (s17850511-1), accessed 29 March 2016.
  • Parish Burial Records, Textual Records, St. John’s Anglican Church Parramatta, New South Wales, Australia.
  • Ron Withington, Dispatched Downunder: Tracing the Resting Places of the First Fleeters, (Woolloomooloo, The Fellowship of First Fleeters, 2013), p.440


# First Fleet

# Convict

# Trial Place: Old Bailey

# Ship: Lady Penrhyn (1788)

# Burial year: 1837

# Grave: unmarked