Mary Hughes (d.1800)

MARY HUGHES, née MARY STEWART, was a convict woman who was transported with the Second Fleet on board the Lady Juliana (1790). On 16 January 1791, MARY married First Fleet convict and wheelwright, HUGH HUGHES. The couple did not have any children when MARY died, aged 38, and was buried in St. John’s Cemetery, Parramatta. Following MARY’s death HUGH HUGHES had a common law wife in the form of MARY UNDERHILL, a convict per Speedy (1800) who appears to have been employed as his servant. Nevertheless, when HUGH HUGHES passed away thirty years after the death of his wife MARY HUGHES (née STEWART) he was buried beside his first wife.


Names

  • Maiden name: MARY STEWART

Timeline

  • Tried and convicted: 23 May 1789, Old Bailey, London, England
  • Sentenced to seven years transportation: 23 May 1789, Old Bailey, London, England
  • Sailed to the Colony of New South Wales per Lady Juliana: 7 June 1789, Plymouth, England
  • Arrived per Lady Juliana: 3 June 1790, Port Jackson, Colony of New South Wales
  • Married HUGH HUGHES: 16 January 1791, St. John’s Church, Parramatta
  • Died: 24 January 1800, Parramatta
  • Buried: c. 24 January 1800, St. John’s Cemetery, Parramatta

Burial Location

  • Section 2, Row J, No. 5, St. John’s Cemetery, Parramatta

Trial Records

  • Old Bailey Proceedings Online, (www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 7.2, 31 October 2016), 23 May 1787, trial of MARY STEWART, (t17870523-22).
  • Old Bailey Proceedings Online, (www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 7.2, 31 October 2016), punishment summary of MARY STEWART, 23 May 1787 (s17870523-1).

Relationships


Multimedia

hugh-hughes-headstone
The graves of MARY HUGHES [left] and HUGH HUGHES [right] at St. John’s Cemetery, Parramatta, Section 2, Row J, Nos. 5 & 6. Photo: Michaela Ann Cameron (2016)

Sources

Primary Sources

  • Old Bailey Proceedings Online, (www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 7.2, 31 October 2016), 23 May 1787, trial of MARY STEWART, (t17870523-22), accessed 31 October 2016.
  • Old Bailey Proceedings Online, (www.oldbaileyonline.org, version 7.2, 31 October 2016), punishment summary of MARY STEWART, 23 May 1787 (s17870523-1), accessed 31 October 2016.

Secondary Sources

  • Judith Dunn, The Parramatta Cemeteries: St. John’s, (Parramatta, NSW: Parramatta and District Historical Society, 1991), p. 118.

Lists

# Convict

# Second Fleet

# Trial Place: Old Bailey

# Punishment: Seven Years Transportation

# Ship: Lady Juliana (1790)

# Burial Year: 1800

# Grave: marked