Frances Hannah Clements (c.1788–1800)

It is believed FRANCES HANNAH CLEMENTS, the child of a First Fleet convict woman, ELIZABETH DALTON (aka ELIZABETH BURLEIGH) transported per Lady Penrhyn (1788), was born on board the ship not long before the convicts disembarked, qualifying her as a First Fleeter in her own right. She went on to become (unofficially) the step-daughter of Parramatta surgeon THOMAS ARNDELL and she is now one of seventeen First Fleeters with memorial plaques. Her younger half-brother WILLIAM BURLEIGH (the illegitimate child of convict ELIZABETH BURLEIGH and Surgeon ARNDELL) lies in the same grave as FRANCES HANNAH, having predeceased FRANCES by almost eight years.


Names

  • Alternate: JOHN BURLEIGH
  • Alternate: FRANCES BURLEIGH
  • Alternate: FRANCES BURLEY
  • Alternate: FRANCES DALTON
  • Alternate: FRANCES HANNAH CLEMENT
  • Namesake: FRANCES HANNAH ARNDELL

Timeline

  • Born: January 1788 on board the Lady Penrhyn
  • On victualling list: 5 April 1788
  • Baptised: 20 April 1788, Sydney Cove, New South Wales the child of ELIZABETH BURLEIGH (alias ELIZABETH DALTON) and JOHN CLEMENTS, seaman and carpenter on the Lady Penrhyn
  • Died: 20 January 1800, aged 11
  • Buried: 23 January 1800, St. John’s Cemetery, Parramatta

Burial Location

  • Section 4, Row I, No. 1, St. John’s Cemetery, Parramatta

Relationships

  • Child of ELIZABETH BURLEIGH (alias ELIZABETH DALTON), convict per Lady Penrhyn (1788)
  • Child of JOHN CLEMENTS
  • Step-child of Assistant Surgeon THOMAS ARNDELL
  • Half-sibling of WILLIAM BURLEIGH
  • Half-sibling of ELIZABETH ARNDELL
  • Half-sibling of MARY ARNDELL
  • Half-sibling of SARAH ARNDELL
  • Half-sibling of THOMAS ARNDELL (II)
  • Half-sibling of JAMES ARNDELL
  • Half-sibling of FRANCES HANNAH ARNDELL

Related Content

Frances Hannah Clements: The Convict’s Child (2016)

By Michaela Ann Cameron

Abstract: Born on a First Fleet convict ship to a woman written off as one of Lady Penrhyn‘s “Abandon’d Prostitutes,” Frances Hannah Clements was not even important enough for her name or gender to be recorded correctly by the ship’s surgeon. And maybe the surgeon could not be blamed for jumping to the conclusion that this base born child of a convict and a member of the ship’s crew was a hopeless case. For what Surgeon Arthur Bowes Smyth could not have known then was that this convict’s child would soon become the stepdaughter of his own colleague: Assistant Surgeon Thomas Arndell, Parramatta’s first surgeon. But a cruel twist of fate ensured that Frances did not end up being able to benefit from her change in fortune…more>>


Multimedia


Sources

Primary Sources

Secondary Sources

  • John Cobley, The Crimes of the First Fleet Convicts, (North Ryde, N.S.W.: Halstead Press, 1970), p. 67.
  • Judith Dunn, The Parramatta Cemeteries: St. John’s, (Parramatta, NSW: Parramatta and District Historical Society, 1991), p. 189.
  • “BURLEIGH/BURLEY, Elizabeth (c1767–1842) see DALTON,” in Mollie Gillen, The Founders of Australia: A Biographical Dictionary of the First Fleet, (Sydney: Library of Australian History, 1989), p. 59.
  • “CLEMENT, John,” in Mollie Gillen, The Founders of Australia: A Biographical Dictionary of the First Fleet, (Sydney: Library of Australian History, 1989), p. 74.
  • “DALTON, Elizabeth (c1767–1843),” in Mollie Gillen, The Founders of Australia: A Biographical Dictionary of the First Fleet, (Sydney: Library of Australian History, 1989), p. 93.
  • “DALTON, Frances Hannah (c1788–1800),” in Mollie Gillen, The Founders of Australia: A Biographical Dictionary of the First Fleet, (Sydney: Library of Australian History, 1989), p. 93.
  • The Digital Panopticon (https://www.digitalpanopticon.org/, version 1.1), Elizabeth Burleigh Record (ID: obpt17780218-12-defend141), https://www.digitalpanopticon.org/life?id=obpt17780218-12-defend141, accessed 6 January 2019.
  • The Digital Panopticon (https://www.digitalpanopticon.org/, version 1.1), Elizabeth Dalton Life Archive (ID: obpt17850914-24-defend314), https://www.digitalpanopticon.org/life?id=obpt17850914-24-defend314, accessed 6 January 2019.

Lists

# First Fleet

# Came Free

# Convict’s child

# Ship: Lady Penrhyn (1788)

# Burial year: 1800

# Grave: marked