CATHERINE CROWLEY was a convict woman who was tried and convicted at the Staffordshire Assizes in July 1788 for feloniously stealing “wearing apparell [sic].” She was sentenced to transportation for seven years and came to the colony with the Second Fleet per Neptune (1790). She formed a relationship with D’ARCY WENTWORTH (II) aboard Neptune and became his common-law wife. Together, the couple had three sons.
- Alternate: CATHERINE CROWLEY
- Section 2, Row J, No. 3, St. John’s Cemetery, Parramatta.
- Born: 1772, Ireland
- Tried and convicted: July 1788, Staffordshire Assizes, Staffordshire, England
- Sentenced to seven years transportation
- Sailed for the Colony of New South Wales per Neptune:
- Arrived with Second Fleet per Neptune: 28 June 1790, Port Jackson, Colony of New South Wales
- Departed Port Jackson per Surprize: 1 August 1790, Port Jackson
- Arrived in Norfolk Island per Surprize:
- Arrived Sydney: 1796
- Died: 1800 at Parramatta
- Buried: 1800, St John’s Cemetery, Parramatta
- Moved from contiguous grave and reinterred with her husband D’ARCY WENTWORTH: 7 July 1827, St. John’s Cemetery, Parramatta
- In Jul 1969, V. de V. Voss informed the Mitchell library that the original 1800 headstone of CATHERINE CROWLEY formed part of a well in the grounds of a cottage in Campbell Street Parramatta, noting that the number of the cottage had been altered from 44 to 54.
- Partner of D’ARCY WENTWORTH (II)
- Parent of WILLIAM CHARLES WENTWORTH
- Parent of D’ARCY WENTWORTH (III)
- Parent of MATTHEW WENTWORTH
- Australian Royalty (https://australianroyalty.net.au), “CATHERINE CROWLEY (1772–1800),” https://australianroyalty.net.au/individual.php?pid=I63996&ged=purnellmccord.ged, accessed 27 January 2019.
- Judith Dunn, The Parramatta Cemeteries: St. John’s, (Parramatta, NSW: Parramatta and District Historical Society, 1991), p. 117.
# Second Fleet
# Trial Place: Staffordshire Assizes
# Punishment: Seven Years Transportation
# Ship: Neptune (1790)
# Grave: marked