Catherine Wentworth (c.1772–1800)

CATHERINE CROWLEY was a convict woman who was tried and convicted at the Staffordshire Assizes in July 1788 for feloniously stealing “wearing apparell [sic].” She was sentenced to transportation for seven years and came to the colony with the Second Fleet per Neptune (1790). She formed a relationship with D’ARCY WENTWORTH (II) aboard Neptune and became his common-law wife. Together, the couple had three sons.



Burial Location

  • Section 2, Row J, No. 3, St. John’s Cemetery, Parramatta.


  • Born: 1772, Ireland
  • Tried and convicted: July 1788, Staffordshire Assizes, Staffordshire, England
  • Sentenced to seven years transportation
  • Sailed for the Colony of New South Wales per Neptune:
  • Arrived with Second Fleet per Neptune: 28 June 1790, Port Jackson, Colony of New South Wales
  • Departed Port Jackson per Surprize: 1 August 1790, Port Jackson
  • Arrived in Norfolk Island per Surprize:
  • Arrived Sydney: 1796
  • Died: 1800 at Parramatta
  • Buried: 1800, St John’s Cemetery, Parramatta
  • Moved from contiguous grave and reinterred with her husband D’ARCY WENTWORTH: 7 July 1827, St. John’s Cemetery, Parramatta
  • In Jul 1969, V. de V. Voss informed the Mitchell library that the original 1800 headstone of CATHERINE CROWLEY formed part of a well in the grounds of a cottage in Campbell Street Parramatta, noting that the number of the cottage had been altered from 44 to 54.




# Convict

# Second Fleet

# Trial Place: Staffordshire Assizes

# Punishment: Seven Years Transportation

# Ship: Neptune (1790)

# Burial year: 1800

# Grave: marked